Interoperability of Biometrics using Blockchain !
Gary Lac IBM Global Business Services Biometrics & Iden7ty Management [email protected]
Today’s interoperability … Participant B’s records Participant C’s records
Participant A’s records
Participant D’s records
Participant E’s records
Participant F’s records
… ineﬃcient, inconsistent, expensive, vulnerable
Introducing Blockchain….. Blockchain is a technology for a new genera7on of transac7onal applica7ons that establishes trust, accountability and transparency while streamlining business processes. Think of it as an opera7ng system for interac7ons. It has the poten7al to vastly reduce the cost and complexity for geLng things done.
• For a transac7on to be valid, all par7es must agree on its validity.
• Par7cipants know where the informa7on came from and how it changes over 7me.
Immutability • No par7cipant can tamper with a transac7on aJer it’s been recorded to the ledger.
• A single, shared ledger provides one place to go to determine the ownership of the informa7on.
Key beneﬁts….. Time savings
• Automated, trusted transfer of informa7on between mul7ple par7es without need for a central authority.
• Less oversight because the network is self-‐policed by the par7cipants. • Duplica7on of eﬀort is eliminated.
• A permissioned, members-‐only network with proof that members are who they say they are.
• Par7cipants can specify what informa7on they want other par7cipants to view.
Interoperability with blockchain… Par7cipant B’s records Par7cipant C’s records
Par7cipant A’s records
Par7cipant D’s records
Par7cipant E’s records
Par7cipant F’s records
… with consensus, provenance, immutability and ﬁnality
IBM Blockchain on Hyperledger Fabric…. The Hyperledger Project is a collabora7ve eﬀort created to advance blockchain technology by iden7fying and addressing important features and currently missing requirements, for a cross-‐industry open standard for distributed ledgers that can transform the way business transac7ons are conducted globally. Open source, open standards, open governance so6ware that enables access to data on the chain based on permissions
Patented Next-‐Gen Blockchain data storage… Decentralized Immutable Blockchain-‐based Object Storage (DInO)
Par7cipant biographics, biometric image & template data Smart Contract hash, transac:on metadata
Hybrid Conﬁgura>on Erasure Coding
Beneﬁts of Interoperability with Next-‐Gen Blockchain… A consolidated, consistent dataset with near real-‐ 7me access to a shared set of reference data.
Consistent interface with a well-‐known data schema for simplifying the exchange of informa7on.
Secure network of trusted partners with transparent system roles and data access policies.
Ability for membership in one or more trusted networks suppor7ng diﬀerent missions.
Conﬁden7al access to data using cryptography and non-‐repudia7on using digital signatures.
Increased availability, resiliency, and performance with the union of cloud technology, eﬃcient replica7on and storage methodologies.
Rapid delivery of ac7onable events via the built-‐ in no7ﬁca7on framework.
Veriﬁable audit trail through immutability and ﬁnality.
New Business Models
Why it ma`ers….interoperability of biometrics on blockchain globally • • • •
Issues Increasing transac7on volumes Increasing threats Intra-‐Departmental Increasing complexity Data S haring Increasing costs
International Border Management
• • • • • •
Blockchain Reduce disrup7ons Increase recoverability Increase sustainability Improve eﬃciency Reduce cost Reduce risk
Interoperability • Integrated Cross-‐ border Law Enforcement • Uncover & disrupt threats • Improve intelligence sharing • Increase security • Share threat assessments • Strengthen treat no7ﬁca7on
Inter-‐Departmental Data S haring
• • • •
Biometrics Iden7ﬁca7on Iden7ty Veriﬁca7on Iden7ty provenance Counter Fraud
Home Office International Law Enforcement
MOD Inter-‐Departmental Data S haring
Thank You Gary Lac IBM Global Business Services Biometrics & Iden7ty Management [email protected]